Harivamsha Maha Puranam - Vishnu Parva
harivamsha in the
mahAbharata - viShNuparva
Lesson 3 - Hymn to Arya
AryAstavaM pravakShyAmi yathoktaMR^iShibhiH purA |
nArAyaNIM namasyAmi devIM tribhuvaneshvarIm ||2-3-1
I will now recite the hymn to Arya, as formerly pronounced by sages of
ancient times. I offer veneration to devI nArAyaNi, the goddess of the
tvaM hi siddhirdhR^itiH kIrtiH shrIrvidyA sannatirmatiH |
saMdhyA rAtriH prabhA nidrA kAlarAtristathaiva cha ||2-3-2
You are perfection, perseverance, fame, prosperity, knowledge, modesty,
intelligence, twilight, night , radiance, sleep and the dark night.
AryA kAtyAyanI devI kaushikI brahmachAriNI |
jananI siddhasenasya ugrachArI mahAbalA ||2-3-3
You are known as AryA, kAtyAyanI, devI, kaushikI, observant of the vow of
celibacy, mother of siddhasena (skanda). You are ferocious and powerful.
jayA cha vijayA chaiva puShTistuShTiH kShamA dayA |
jyeShThA yamasya bhaginI nIlakausheyavAsinI ||2-3-4
You are jaya, vijaya, puShTi, tuShTi, patience and kindness. You are the
elder sister of yama (mR^ityu - death). You dress in blue silk.
bahurUpA virUpA cha anekavidhichAriNI |
virUpAkShI vishAlakShI bhaktAnAM parirakShiNI ||2-3-5
You have multiple forms. You have fearful forms. You follow various paths.
You have fearful eyes. You have vast eyes. You always protect your
parvatAgreShu ghoreShu nadIShu cha guhAsu cha |
vAsaste cha mahAdevi vaneShUpavaneShu cha ||2-3-6
You dwell in dangerous peaks of mountains, rivers, caves, forests and
shabarairbarbaraishchaiva pulindaishcha supUjitA |
mayUrapichChadhvajinI lokAnkramasi sarvashaH ||2-3-7
You are worshipped by tribal people such as shabara-s, barbara-s and
pulinda-s. Your flag is decorated with peacock feathers. You constantly roam in
ghaNTAninAdabahulA vindhyavAsinyabhishrutA ||2-3-8
You are always thronged by cocks, goats, sheep, lions and tigers. Your
surroundings are filled with the sound of bells You are known as the one
who resides in vindhya mountains.
trishUlI paTTishadharA sUryachandrapatAkinI |
navamI kR^iShNapakShasya shuklasyaikAdashI tathA ||2-3-9
You carry a trident and a spear in your arms. Your flag has signs of sun and
moon. The ninth day of the dark half month and eleventh day of the bright
half of the month are specially meant for your worship.
bhaginI baladevasya rajanI kalahapriyA |
AvAsaH sarvabhUtAnAM niShThA cha paramA gatiH ||2-3-10
You are the sister of baladeva. You are the night. You are fond of
quarrelling. You are the abode, death and liberation of all beings.
nandagopasutA chaiva devAnAM vijayAvahA |
chIravAsAH suvAsAshcha raudrI saMdhyAcharI nishA ||2-3-11
You are the daughter of nandagopa. You are the victory of deva-s. You are
bark-clad and well-clad. You are terrible and you are night. You move
around in the twilight.
prakIrNakeshI mR^ityushcha surAmAMsabalipriyA |
lakShmIralakShmIrUpeNa dAnavAnAM vadhAya cha ||2-3-12
You are with dishevelled hair. You are the death of living beings. You are
fond of offerings of liquor and meat. You are lakShmi. As alakShmi you
are the death of dAnavA-s.
sAvitrI chApi devAnAM mAtA mantragaNasya cha |
kanyAnAM brahmacharyatvaM saubhAgyaM pramadAsu cha ||2-3-13
You are sAvitrI (pArvati, one of the sixteen mAtR^i-s).
You are the mother of devA-s and incantations. You are the celibacy of
unmarried girls and conjugal bliss of married women.
antarvedI cha yaj~nAnAmR^itvijAM chaiva dakShiNA |
karShukANAM cha sIteti bhUtAnAM dharaNIti cha ||2-3-14
You are the sacrificial altar. You are the dakShiNa of those who conduct
sacrifice. You are the plough-line made on earth by farmers. You are the
earth that sustains all living entities.
siddhiH sAMyAtrikANAM tu velA tvaM sAgarasya cha |
yakShANAM prathamA yakShI nAgAnAM suraseti cha ||2-3-15
You are the profit earned by sea-faring merchants. You are the shore of the
ocean. Among yakShA-s, you are the chief yakShi, (mother of kubera). Among
nAgA-s, you are surasa, mother of nAgA-s.
brahmavAdinyatho dIkShA shobhA cha paramA tathA |
jyotiShAM tvaM prabhA devi nakShatrANAM cha rohiNI ||2-3-16
You are the initiation of brahmavAdI-s. You are the supreme radiance. You
are the radiance of planets. Among stars, you are rohiNi.
rAjadvAreShu tIrtheShu nadInAM sa~NgameShu cha |
pUrNA cha pUrNimA chandre kR^ittivAsA iti smR^itA ||2-3-17
You are present at royal entrances, tIrthA-s, confluence of rivers in your
complete form. You are the moonlight. You are remembered as
sarasvatI cha vAlmIke smR^itirdvaipAyane tathA |
R^ishINAM dharmabuddhistu devAnAM mAnasI tathA |
surA devI cha bhUteShu stUyase tvaM svakarmabhiH ||2-3-18
You are sarasvatI (Goddess of learning) of maharShi vAlmIki, and the
memory (smR^iti) of dvaipAyana (vyAsa). You are dharmabudhhi of sages
and mind (fixed in truth) of devA-s. Among living entities, you are surA
devI. You are glorified by your acts.
indrasya chArudR^iShTistvaM sahasranayaneti cha |
tApasAnAM cha devI tvamaraNI chAgnihotriNAm ||2-3-19
You are the beautiful vision of Indra. You are known as the one with
thousand eyes. You are the goddess of ascetics. You are the araNi wood
used (to produce fire) by brAhmaNAs to perform agnihotra.
kShudhA cha sarvabhUtAnAM tR^iptistvaM daivateShu cha |
svAhA tR^iptirdhR^itirmedhA vasUnAM tvaM vasUmatI ||2-3-20
You are the hunger of all entities and the satisfaction of devA-s. You are
the offering, satisfaction, patience and wisdom. You are the
mother [earth] (vasumati) of vasus.
AshA tvaM mAnuShANAM cha puShTishcha kR^itakarmaNAm |
dishashcha vidishashchaiva tathA hyagnishikhA prabhA ||2-3-21
You are the ambition of human beings and the achievement of accomplished
persons. You are the directions, horizons, flames of fire and the radiance.
shakunI pUtanA tvaM cha revatI cha sudAruNA |
nidrApi sarvabhUtAnAM mohinI kShatriyA tathA ||2-3-22
You are vulture. You are pUtanA (one of the mothers attending skanda).
You are revatI. You are terrible (sudAruNa). You are sleep that puts all
beings into illusion. You are kShatryA.
vidyAnAM brahmavidyA tvamo~NkAro.atha vaShaT tathA |
nArINAM pArvatIM cha tvAM paurANImR^iShayo viduH ||2-3-23
Among all kinds of knowledge, you are spiritual knowledge. You are Om and
vaShaT (mantra for homa for devA-s). Among women, the sages know you as
pArvati, celebrated in purANA-s.
arundhatI cha sAdhvInAM prajApativacho yathA |
yathArthanAmabhirdivyairindrANI cheti vishR^utA ||2-3-24
According to prajApati-s, you are arundhati (wife of vasiShTha) among
sAdhvIs (pativratA-s – chaste women). You are famous as indrANi (wife
of indra) among the true divine names.
tvayA vyAptamidaM sarvaM jagatsthAvaraja~Ngamam |
The entire world of non-moving and moving entities is pervaded by
saMgrAmeShu cha sarveShu agniprajvaliteShu cha |
nadItIreShu chaureShu kAntAreShu bhayeShu cha ||2-3-25
pravAse rAjabandhe cha shatrUNAM cha pramardane |
prANAtyayeShu sarveShu tvaM hi rakShA na saMshayaH ||2-3-26
There is no doubt that you are the only protection in all battles, where
fire rages, on river banks, from thieves, from fearful forests, on foreign
lands, in royal prisons, from oppression by enemies or wherever there is
danger to life.
tvayi me hR^idayaM devi tvayi chittaM manastvayi |
rakSha mAM sarvapApebhyaH prasAdaM kartumarhasi ||2-3-27
O devI, you are my heart. My mind is fixed in thinking about you. Protect me
from all sins. Kindly be pleased with me.
imaM yaH sustavaM divyamiti vyAsaprakalpitam |
yaH paThetprAtarutthAya shuchiH prayatamAnasaH ||2-3-28
tribhirmAsaiH kA~NkShitaM cha phalaM vai saMprayachChasi |
You will fulfill, within three months, all the desires of the person who,
getting up every morning, recites, with a pure and controlled mind, this
beautiful divine hymn, spoken by me and composed by vyAsa.
ShaDbhirmAsairvariShThaM tu varamekaM prayachChasi ||2-3-29
You will grant a boon to the person who recites this hymn daily for six
architA navabhirmAsairdivyaM chakShuH prayachChasi |
saMvatsareNa siddhiM tu yathAkAmaM prayachChasi ||2-3-30
You will grant divine eye to the person who worships you for nine
months. You will fulfill all the desires of a person who worships you
for an year.
Translators' note: In this shloka, the chitrashAla version tu tribhir
has been replaced by the BORI version navabhir .
satyaM brahma cha divyaM cha dvaipAyanavacho yathA |
According to dvaipAyana (vyAsa), you are truth, brahmA and divine.
nR^iNAM bandhaM vadhaM ghoraM putranAshaM dhanakShayam ||2-3-31
vyAdhimR^ityubhayaM chaiva pUjitA shamayiShyasi |
When worshipped by men, you will remove all fears of bondage, terrible
death, loss of children, loss of wealth, disease and death.
bhaviShyasi mahAbhAge varadA kAmarUpiNI ||2-3-32
You assume any form as desired to grant boons to your worshippers.
mohayitvA cha taM kaMsamekA tvaM bhokShyase jagat |
Confounding kaMsa, you, durga( ekA), will enjoy the entire world.
ahamapyAtmano vR^ittiM vidhAsye goShu gopavat |
svavR^iddhyarthamahaM chaiva kariShye kaMsagopatAm ||2-3-33
Living in vraja among cowherds, I will behave as an ordinary human being.
For my livelihood, I will tender the cows of kaMsa.
evaM tAM sa samAdishya gato.antardhAnamIshvaraH |
sA chApi taM namaskR^itya tathAstviti cha nishchitA ||1-3-34
After instructing nidrAdevi in this manner, lord viShNu disappeared.
nidrAdevi offered hveneration to viShNu and decided to follow his
yashchaitatpaThate stotraM shR^iNuyAdvApyabhIkShNashaH |
sarvArthasiddhiM labhate naro nAstyatra saMshayaH ||2-3-35
There is no doubt that one who recites or hears this hymn repeatedly will
achieve all perfection that he desires.
iti shrimahAbhArate khileShu harivaMshe viShNuparvaNi svapnagarbhavidhAne
Thus this is the third lesson of viShNuparva of
harivaMsha, the sequel to shrImahAbhArata, Hymn to Arya.
##Itranslated and proofread by K S Rmachandran
email@example.com, February 25, 2008
Further proof-read by Gilles Schaufelberger schaufel @ wanadoo.fr
If you find any errors compared to Chitrashala Press edition,
send corrections to A. Harindranath harindranath_a @ yahoo.com
Translated to English by A. Purushothaman and A. Harindranath
April 10, 2009##