Harivamsha MahA PurANam - ViShNu Parva
dantavaktrasya bhAShaNaM bhIShmakasya nirNayashcha
harivamsha in the mahAbharata - viShNuparva
Lesson 49 - dantavaktra's speech and bhIShmaka's review
ityevamukte vachane sunIthena mahAtmanA |
karUShAdhipatirvIro dantavaktro.abhyabhAShata ||2-49-1
(O janamejaya!) After sunItha, the great soul, spoke these words, the king
of karUSha, the valiant dantavaktra spoke (as follows):
yaduktaM mAgadhenAtra sunIthena narAdhipAH |
yuktapUrvamahaM manye yadasmAkaM vacho hitam ||2-49-2
O kings! I consider the words spoken by the king of magadha (jarAsaMdha)
and king sunItha as appropriate, because the words are to our liking.
na cha vidveShaNenAhaM na chAha~NkAravAdinA |
na chAtmavijigIShutvAddUShayAmi vacho.amR^itam ||2-49-3
I will not pollute my nectar like words with hatred, pride or the desire of
vAkyArNavaM mahAgAdhaM nItishAstrArthabR^iMhitam |
ka eSha nikhilaM vaktuM shakto vai rAjasaMsadi ||2-49-4
Who (else) will speak all these words like an ocean of great depth enriched
with the principles of the science of political wisdom in this assembly of
kiM tvanusmaraNArthe.ahaM yadbravImi shR^iNuShva me |
Agato vAsudeveti kimAshcharyaM narAdhipAH ||2-49-5
But hear what I am saying, just to remind you. O kings! What is the surprise
in vAsudeva's (kR^iShNa) arrival?
yathA.a.agatA vayaM sarve kR^iShNo.apIha tathA.a.agataH |
kimatra dosho gauNyo vA kanyAhetoH samAgatAH ||2-49-6
kR^iShNa has also come (for the same purpose) due to the reason of the
maiden, for which all of us have come. What is bad or good in this?
yadasmAbhiH sametyaikyAtkR^itaM gomantarodhanam |
tatra yuddhakR^itaM doShaM kathaM vai vaktumarhatha ||2-49-7
When all of us together surrounded the mountain of gomanta, what is bad
about the fighting there, to be told?
vanavAse sthitau vIrau kaMsavyAmohahetunA |
devarShivachanAdrAjanvR^indAvanataTe sthitau ||2-49-8
O king! These valiant lived in the forest, vR^indAvana on the banks (of
the river yamunA) to confuse kaMsa, as per the words of the deva sage
tAvAhUya vadhArthena ubhau rAmajanArdanau |
nagenoddIpitau vIrau hatvA nAgaM viveshatuH ||2-49-9
Both (bala)rAma and janArdana (kR^iShNa) were summoned (to mathurA)
for killing them. The elephant was prompted (to kill them),
but the valiant killed the elephant and entered (the city).
tataH svavIryamAshritya nihato ra~NgasAgare |
gatAsuriva chAsIno mathureshaH sahAnugaH ||2-49-10
Then, by their own valour, they killed the lord of mathurA (kaMsa)
along with his followers, who were as good as dead, on the stage, vast like
kimatra vihito doSho yenAsmAbhirvayo.adhikaiH |
uparodhaparA rAjanvayaM sarve sAmAgatAH ||2-49-11
O king! What is bad in this? All of us, who are older than them by age,
gathered together to block them.
senAtibalamAlokya vitrastau rAmakeshavau |
puraM balaM samutsR^ijya gomante cha gatAvubhau ||2-49-12
(bala)rAma and keshava (kR^iShNa) were frightened, considering the large
powerful army. Leaving the city and army, both went to the gomanta
tatrApi gatamasmAbhirhantuM samarayodhibhiH |
We, ready for fighting the battle, went there as well.
aprAptayauvanAbhyAM cha padAtibhyAM raNAjire ||2-49-13
rathAshvanaranAgena nAsmAbhirvigrahaH kR^itaH |
On the battle field, we along with chariots, horses, men and elephants
fought with them, who had not even attained youth, fighting on their
kR^itvoparodhaM shailasya kShatradharmeNa dIpitaH ||2-49-14
We, prompted by our duty as kShatriya-s, blocked the mountain
dAvAgnimukhamAvishya durvinItatapasvinau |
vinIta iti manyAmaH sarve kShatriyapu~NgavAH |
We, all the kShatriya leaders, thought that those two, humble and doing
penance, were humbled by the raging forest fire.
pratiyuddhe kR^ite tvevaM dUShayAma janArdanam ||2-49-15
Fighting against him like this, we have acted wrongly against janArdana
yatra yatra prayAsyAmo vayaM tatra bhavetkaliH |
prItyarthaM prayatiShyAmaH kR^iShNena saha bhUmipAH ||2-49-16
Wherever we go, there will be a quarrel. O kings! Let us look for
gratification with kR^iShNa.
idaM kuNDipuraM kR^iShNo nAgataH kalihetunA |
kanyAnimittAgamane kasya yuddhaM prayachChati ||2-49-17
kR^iShNa has come to this city of kuNDina not for quarrelling. When he has
come here due to the maiden, with whom will he fight?
martye.asminpuruShendro.asau na kashchitprAkR^ito naraH |
devalokeShu deveShu pravaraH puruShottamaH ||2-49-18
He is the best among men. He is not a mere ordinary man. In the world of
deva-s, among the deva-s, he is the foremost. He is the best among
devAnAmapi kartAsau lokAnAM cha visheShataH |
na chaiva bAlishA buddhirna cherShyA nApi matsaraH ||2-49-19
Specially he is the one who created even the deva-s and the men. His
intellect is not childish as well. He is devoid of anger as well as
na stabdho na kR^isho nArtaH praNatArtiharaH sadA |
He is neither rigid nor insignificant. He is not struck by calamity. He
always removes the pains of those who respect him.
eSha viShNuH prabhurdevo devAnAmapi daivatam ||2-49-20
He is viShNu, the lord, the deva. He is god even to the deva-s.
Agato garuDeneha chChadmaprAkAshyahetunA |
nAnAstrasahito yAti kR^iShNaH shatruvinAshane ||2-49-21
For revealing his disguise, he came along with garuDa. kR^iShNa comes along
with various weapons for destroying the enemies.
imAM yAtrAM vijAnIdhvaM prItyarthaM hyAgato hariH |
sahito yAdavendraishcha bhojavR^iShNyandhakairiha ||2-49-22
Understand that this journey of hari (kR^iShNa) along with leaders of
yAdava=s, bhoja-s, vR^iShNi-s and andhaka-s is for friendly
arghyamAchamanaM dattvA AtithyaM cha narAdhipAH |
kariShyAmo vayaM sarve keshavAya mahAtmane ||2-49-23
O kings! All of us should welcome the great soul keshava (kR^iShNa)
offering a respectful reception and water for purification.
evaM saMdhAnataH kR^itvA kR^iShNena sahitA vayam |
vasAmo vigatodvegA nirbhayA vigatajvarAH ||2-49-24
After making peace with kR^iShNa, all of us can stay without anxiety,
fear and mental pain.
tasya tadvachanaM shrutvA dantavaktrasya dhImataH |
shAlvaH pravadatAM shreShThastAnuvAcha narAdhipAn ||2-49-25
(vaishampAyana said: O janamejaya!) Hearing these words of the intelligent
dantavaktra, shAlva, the best among speakers, spoke to the kings.
kiM bhayenAsya naH sarve nyastashastrA bhavAmahe |
saMdhAnakaraNAddhetoH kR^iShNasya bhayakampitAH ||2-49-26
Why should all of us become devoid of weapons, afraid of him? Are we
trembling with fear so that we should make peace with kR^iShNa?
parastavena kiM kAryaM vinindya balamAtmanaH |
naiSha dharmo narendrANAM kShAtre dharme cha tiShThatAm ||2-49-27
What is the use of praising others, despising our own strength? This can
never be the duty of kings bound by the duty of kShatriya-s.
mahatsu rAjavaMsheShu saMbhUtAH kulavarddhanAH |
teShAM kApuruShA buddhiH kathaM bhavitumarhati ||2-49-28
Is it appropriate for those born in the races of great kings, those who
flourish the races, to have bad intellect?
ahaM jAnAmi vai kR^iShNamAdidevaM sanAtanam |
prabhuM sarvAmarendrANAM nArAyaNaparAyaNam ||2-49-29
I know that kR^iShNa is the first god, the eternal, the lord of all the
eternal deva-s, who are dependent on nArAyaNa.
vaikuNThamajayaM loke charAcharaguruM harim |
saMbhUtaM devakIgarbhe viShNuM lokanamaskR^itam ||2-49-30
He is hari, the resident of vaikuNTha, the undefeatable, the preceptor of the
mobile and immobile beings in the world, viShNu, born to devakI, respected by
kaMsarAjavadhArthAya bhArAvataraNAya cha |
asmAkaM cha vinAshAya lokasaMrakShaNAya cha ||2-49-31
For killing king kaMsa, for reducing the load of earth, for destroying us
and protecting the world,
aMshAvataraNe kR^itsnaM jAne viShNorvicheShTitam |
a portion of viShNu has descended in the world. I know that these are acts
sa~NgrAmamatulaM kR^itvA viShNunA saha bhUmipAH ||2-49-32
chakrAnalavinirdagdhA yAsyAmo yamasAdanam |
O lords of the earth (kings)! Fighting an unequal war with viShNu and
burning in the fire of discus, let us proceed to the house of death.
tattvaM jAnAmi rAjendrAH kAlenAyuHkShayo bhavet ||2-49-33
kings! I know the truth that the duration of life decreases with
nAkAle mriyate kashchitprApte kAle na jIvati |
evaM vinishchayaM kR^itvA na kuryAtkasyachidbhayam ||2-49-34
One will never die without the arrival of the time (of death). When the time
of death arrives, one will not live further. If one thinks like this,
there is nothing to fear.
sa eva bhagavAnviShNurAlokya tapasaH kShayam |
nihantA ditijendrANAM yathAkAlena yogavit ||2-49-35
Seeing the decline of the religious austerity in the world, lord viShNu,
is killing the best ones born to diti (daitya-s), in combination with
the suitable time.
baliM vairochaniM chaivaM baddhvAvadhyaM mahAbalam |
kR^itavAndevadeveshaH pAtAlatalavAsinam ||2-49-36
Tying up the highly powerful bali, the son of virochana, the supreme deva
(viShNu), the lord of deva-s made him reside in pAtAla, the lower
evamAdIni vai viShNushcheShTAni cha narAdhipAH |
tasmAdayuktaM bhavatAM vigrahArthaM vichAraNam ||2-49-37
O kings! These are the acts of the eternal viShNu. Hence it is not suitable
for you to discuss about any battle (with him).
na cha sa~NgrAmahetorhi kR^iShNasyAgamanaM tviha |
Also, kR^iShNa has not come here for the reason of battle.
yasya vA kasya vA kanyA varayiShyati tasya sA |
kimatra vigraho rAj~nAM prItirbhavatu vai dhruvam ||2-49-38
The maiden is for him, who is chosen by her. Why the kings are fighting for
this? Definitely, there will be peace.
evaM kathayamAnAnAM nR^ipANAM buddhishAlinAm |
na ki~nchidabravIdrAjA bhIShmakaH putrakAraNAt ||2-49-39
(O janamejaya!) When the kings with intellect spoke like this, king bhIShmaka
did not speak anything, because of his son.
mahAvIryamadotsiktaM bhArgavAstrAbhirakShitam |
raNaprachaNDAtirathaM vichintya manasA sutam ||2-49-40
The king thought about his son mentally, who was proud of his great valour,
protected by the (expertise on) arrows gained from bhArgava(rAma), the
ferocious chariot fighter.
kR^iShNaM na sahate nityaM putro me baladarpitaH |
nityAbhimAnI cha raNe na bibheti cha kasyachit ||2-49-41
My son, proud of his power, is always unable to bear kR^iShNa. Always
proud, he is not afraid of anyone in the battle.
kR^iShNasya bhujavIryeNa hriyate nAtra saMshayaH |
bhaviShyati tato yuddhaM mahApuruShavigraham ||2-49-42
It is certain that the maiden will be taken by the power of arms of
kR^iShNa. Hence there will be a battle, a battle among great men.
dveShI chaivAbhimAnI cha kuto jIvati me sutaH |
jIvitaM nAtra pashyAmi mama putrasya keshavAt ||2-49-43
My son is angry as well as proud. Will he live? I do not see life for
my son, because of keshava (kR^iShNa).
kanyAhetoH sutaM jyeShThaM pitR^INAM nandivarddhanam |
kArayiShye kathaM yuddham putreNa saha keshavam ||2-49-44
Because of the maiden, why should I make my elder son, who increases the
welfare of the father, fight with kR^iShNa?
na cha nArAyaNaM devaM varamichChati rukmavAn |
rukmi does not wish the deva, nArAyaNa to become the bridegroom (of his
mUDhabhAvo madonmattaH sa~NgrAmeShvanivartakaH |
niyataM bhasmasAdyAti tUlarAshiryathAnalAT ||2-49-45
My son is foolish and excited by pride. He does not retire from war. It is
certain that he will become ashes like cotton burned by fire.
karavIreshvaraH shUraH shR^igAlashchitrayodhinA |
kShaNena bhasmasAnnItaH keshavena balIyasA ||2-49-46
The powerful keshava (kR^iShNa), capable of fighting in strange ways,
quickly reduced the valiant shR^igAla, the king of karavIra.
vR^indAvane.avasachChrImAnkeshavo balinAM varaH |
uddhR^ityaikena hastena saptAhaM dhR^itavAngirim ||2-49-47
The auspicious keshava (kR^iShNa), the best among the powerful, held the
mountain (govarddhana) up with one hand for seven days, while he was living
duShkaraM karma saMsmR^itya manaH sIdati me bhR^isham |2-49-48
Thinking about those difficult tasks, (performed by keshava), my mind is
nagendre sahasA.a.agamya devataiH saha vR^itrahA |
abhiShichyAbravItkR^iShNamupendreti shachIpatiH ||2-49-49
The slayer of vR^itra (indra), the husband of shachI, arriving quickly on
the king of mountains (govarddhana) along with deva-s, anointed kR^iShNa as
yathA vai damino nAgaH kAliyo yamunAhrade |
viShAgnijvAlito ghoraH kAlAntakasamaprabhaH ||2-49-50
At the pool of yamunA, kR^iShNa conquered the serpent kAliya, terrible,
blazing with poisonous flames, sparkling like the slayer of death.
keshI chApi mahAvIryo dAnavo hayavigrahaH |
nihato vAsudevena devairapi durAsadaH ||2-49-51
The great valiant daitya keshI in the form of horse, undefeatable even by
the deva-s, was also killed by vAsudeva (kR^iShNa).
sandIpanisutashchaiva chiranaShTo hi sAgare |
daityaM pa~nchajanaM hatvA AnIto yamamandirAt ||2-49-52
killing the daitya pa~nchajana, kR^iShNa brought back the son of sAndIpani
also, lost in the ocean long ago, from the residence of death.
gomante sumahadyuddhaM bahubhirveShTitAvubhau |
kR^itvA vitrAsajananaM nAgAshvarathasa~NkShayam ||2-49-53
On the mountain gomanta, a great battle was fought by both (balarAma and
kR^iShNa), when they were surrounded by many people, destroying elephants,
horses and chariots.
gajena gajavR^indAni rathena rathayodhinaH |
sAdinashchAshvayodhena nareNa cha padAtinaH |
jaghnatustau mahAvIryau vasudevasutAvubhau ||2-49-54
Both the highly valiant sons of vasudeva (balarAma and kR^iShNa) killed
groups of elephants by striking them with elephants, charioteers by
chariots, horse riders with horses and infantry with men.
na devAsuragandharvA na yakShoragarAkShasAH |
na nAgA na cha daityendrA na pishAchA na guhyakAH ||2-49-55
kR^itavantastathA ghoraM gajAshvarathasa~NkShayam |
Such a terrible destruction of elephants, horses and chariots was never
done by deva-s, daitya-s (asuras-), gandharva-s, yakSha-s, snakes, rAkShasa-s,
serpents, kings of daitya-s, flesh eating demons or demi-gods living in
tamanusmR^itya sa~NgrAmaM bhR^ishaM sIdati me manaH ||2-49-56
Thinking about that war, my mind is getting weakened.
na mayA shrutapUrvo vA dR^iShTapUrvaH kuto.api vA |
tAdR^isho bhuvi martyo.anyo vAsudevAtsurottamAt ||2-49-57
Neither I have heard before, nor I have seen before, anywhere on earth,
another man like vAsudeva (kR^iShNa), the best among deva-s.
saMyagAha mahAbAhurdantavaktro mahIpatiH |
sAntvayitvA mahAvIryaM saMvidhAsyAma yatkShamam ||2-49-58
dantavaktra, the one with great arms, the lord of earth spoke good. Let us
concur with the great valiant kR^ishNa and do the needful further.
iti sa~nchintya manasA balAbalavinishchayam |
gamanAya matiM chakre prasAdayitumachyutam ||2-49-59
(O janamejaya!) Considering the strengths and weaknesses, thinking like this
mentally, the king decided to proceed for pleasing the one who does not
suffer any decline (kR^iShNa).
chintayAno narendrastu bahubhirnayashAlibhiH |
sUtamAgadhabandibhyo bodhitaH stutima~NgalaiH ||2-49-60
The king consulted with many other kings of men, who are experts in
political wisdom on the matter. (In the morning), the king (bhIShmaka)
woke up, by (hearing) the praises and well wishes of (sUta-s) royal bards,
(mAgadha-s) panegyrists and also (bandi-s) heralders.
prabhAtAyAM rajanyAM tu kR^itapUrvAhnikakriyAH |
upaviShTA nR^ipAH sarve sveShu vishrAmaveshmasu ||2-49-61
After performing the morning rituals in the early morning, all the kings
remained at their respective rest houses.
ye visR^iShTAstu rAjAno vidarbhAyAM narAdhipaiH |
tairAgamya svabhUpeShu raho gatvA niveditam ||2-49-62
The kings (princes) deputed by the kings to the (city of) vidarbha, returned
and informed their respective kings, privately (about the
shrutvA kR^iShNAbhiShekaM tu kechiddhR^iShTA narAdhipAH |
kechiddInatarA bhItA udAsInAstathA pare ||2-49-63
Some of the kings were happy to hear about the (proposed) anointment of
kR^iShNa, some were depressed, some were pained, some were afraid and some
tridhA prabhinnA sA senA naranAgAshvamAlinI |
mahArNava iva kShubdhA abhiShekeNa chAlitA ||2-49-64
The kings (see nIlakaNTha commentary) having infantry, elephants and
horses were separated into three groups. By the (proposed) anointment (of
kR^iShNa), the kings were agitated like a great ocean.
nR^ipANAM bhedamAlokya bhIShmako rAjasattamaH |
vyatikramamachintyaM cha kR^itaM nR^ipatinA svayam ||2-49-65
Beholding the division of kings and considering the transgression committed
bhIShmaka, the best among kings,
vichintya manasA rAjA dahyamAnena chetasA |
jagAma naradevAnAM samAje pratibodhitum ||2-49-66
thought in his mind and his consciousness was burning. He went to the
assembly of kings to make them understand.
etasminnantare dUtAH saMprAptAH krathakaishikau |
lekhamuddhR^itya shirasA vivishuste nR^ipArNavam ||2-49-67
Meanwhile, messengers (of indra - see nIlakaNTha commentary) arrived at
the (courts of kings) kratha and
kaishika. Holding a letter, heads lowered with humility,
they entered the ocean (assembly) of kings.
iti shrImahAbhArate khileShu harivaMshe viShNuparvaNi
Thus this is the forty-ninth lesson of viShNuparva, harivaMsha, khila of
mahAbhArata, dantavaktra's Speech and bhishmaka's review.
## Itranslated by K S Ramachandran, ramachandran_ksr @ yahoo.ca
August 26, 2008
Note : vayaH adhikaM yeShAM te vayo.adhikAH. is not
avagraha necessary there?
Further proof-read by Gilles Schaufelberger, schaufel @ wanadoo.fr
If you find any errors compared to Chitrashala Press edition,
send corrections to A. Harindranath harindranath_a @ yahoo.com
Translated to English by A. Purushothaman [purushothaman_avaroth @
yahoo.com] and A. Harindranath
February 19, 2010##