Harivamsha MahA PurANam - ViShNu Parva
harivamsha in the mahAbharata - viShNuparva
Lesson 63 - slaying of narakAsura
pratyetya dvArakAM viShNurhate rukmiNi vIryavAn |
akarodyanmahAbAhustanme vada mahAmune ||2-63-1
On his return to dvArakA, after the killing of rukmI, what did the valiant
viShNu with great arms do? O great sage! Please tell me.
sa taiH parivR^itaH shrImAnpurIM yAdavanandanaH |
dvArakAM bhagavAnviShNuH pratyavaikShata vIryavAn ||2-63-2
(O janamejaya !) Surrounded by the yAdava-s, auspicious, valiant lord viShNu,
the son of yAdava, returned to the city of dvArakA.
pratyapadyata ratnAni vividhAni vasUni cha |
yathArhaM puNdarIkAkSho nairR^itAnpratyavArayat ||2-63-3
The one with eyes as beautiful as lotus flower (kR^iShNa) acquired many
types of jewels and wealth in the proper way and engaged demons for guarding
tatra vighnaM charanti sma daiteyAH saha dAnavaiH |
tA~njaghAna mahAbAhurvaradR^iptAnmahAsurAn ||2-63-4
The daitya-s along with asura-s created obstacles in this. The one with
great arms (kR^iShNa) killed the great asura-s who were proud
(of the boons they had.)
vighnaM chAsyAkarottatra narako nAma dAnavaH |
trAsanaH sarvadevAnAM devarAjaripurmahAn ||2-63-5
Then the asura named naraka created obstacles in this. The great one
(naraka), the enemy of the king of deva-s (indra), terrified all the
sa babhau mUrtili~NgasthaH sarvadevAdhibAdhitA |
devatAnAmR^iShINAM cha pratIpamakarottadA ||2-63-6
The one who affected all the deva-s lived in mUrtili~Nga (prAgjyotiSha -
see nIlakaNTha commentary). He worked against the gods as well as the
tvaShTurduhitaraM bhaumaH kasherumagamattadA |
gajarUpeNa jagrAha ruchirA~NgIM chaturdashIm ||2-63-7
bhauma (the son of (goddess) earth, naraka), in the form of an elephant,
took kasheru, the daughter of tvaShTa, having beautiful limbs,
when she was fourteen years old.
pramathya tAM varArohAM narako vAkyamabravIt |
naShTashokabhayo mohAtprAgjyotiShapatistadA ||2-63-8
Taking that best, beautiful maiden, the lord of (prAg)jyotiSha (naraka),
without sorrow and fear, out of vanity, said the following words:
yAni devamanuShyeShu ratnAni vividhAni cha |
bibharti cha mahI kR^itsnA sAgareShu cha yadvasu ||2-63-9
All varieties of jewels available with gods and men, all the wealth
shining on earth and available in the entire ocean,
adyaprabhR^iti tAnIha sahitAH sarvanairR^itAH |
mamaivopAhariShyanti daityAshcha saha dAnavaiH ||2-63-10
from today onwards, all the demons, along with daitya-s and dAnava-s,
shall offer them to me (as tribute).
evamuttamaratnAni vastrANi vividhAni cha |
sa jahAra tadA bhaumastachcha nAdhichakAra saH ||2-63-11
In this way, then, bhauma (naraka) acquired best jewels and many varieties
of cloths. But he did not use them.
gandharvANAM cha yAH kanyA jahAra narako balI |
yAshcha devamanuShyANaM sapta chApsarasAM gaNAH ||2-63-12
The powerful narakAa took away many gandharva maiden. He also took away deva
maidens, women and seven groups of divine women (apsarA).
chaturdasha sahasrANi ekaviMshachChatAni cha |
ekaveNIdharAH sarvAH satImArgamanuvratAH ||2-63-13
They were fourteen thousand and twentyone hundred women in all. All were
with single plait of hair and observing the vow of faithful wife
tAsAM puravaraM bhaumo.akArayanmaNiparvatam |
alakAyAmadInAtmA muroH svaviShayaM prati ||2-63-14
(O janamejaya!) bhauma (naraka \) made a best city for them,
named mountain of jewels, in the land of alaka, belonging to the asura, mura,
having a soul devoid of any sorrow.
tAshcha prAgjyotiShapatiM muroshchaiva dashAtmajAH |
nairR^itAshcha yathA mukhyAH pAlayanta upAsate |
The chief of demons, mura, along with his ten sons guarded and served,
the lord of the city of prAgjyotiSha (bhauma).
sa eSha tamasaH pAre varadR^ipto mahAsuraH |2-63-15
na chAsuragaNaiH sarvaiH sahitaiH karma tatpurA |
kR^itapUrvaM tadA ghoraM yadakArShInmahAsuraH ||2-63-16
The great asura (naraka) living on the shore of the blue ocean
( see nIlakaNTha commentary), proud of the boons, did terrible deeds in that
city, which were not done before, along with all the groups of
aditiM dharShayAmAsa kuNDalArthe mahAsuraH |
yaM mahI suShuve devI yasya prAgjyotiShaM puram ||2-63-17
The great asura of the city of prAgjyotiSha, born to the goddess earth,
coerced aditi (mother of deva-s) to give her ear rings to him.
dvArapAlAshcha chatvArastasyAsanyuddhadurmadAH |
hayagrIvo nisundashcha vIraH pa~nchanadastathA ||2-63-18
He has four door keepers, hayagrIva, nisunda, vIra and pa~nchanada,
with false pride (of skill) in battle.
muruH putrasahasaraishcha varadatto.asuro mahAn |
AdevayAnamAvR^itya panthAnaM samupasthitaH |
vitrAsanaH sukR^itinAM virUpai rAkShasaiH saha ||2-63-19
The great asura, mura, who has received boons, along with his thousand sons,
stand blocking the path of deva-s, terrifying good people, along with
tadvadhArthaM mahAbAhuH sha~NkhachakragadAsibhR^it |
jAto vR^iShNiShu devakyAM vasudevAjjanArdanaH ||2-63-20
janArdhana (kR^iShNa), having great arms, with conch (sha~Nkha),
discus (chakra) and mace (gada), was born, among the vR^iShNi-s, to devakI
and vasudeva to kill him (naraka).
tasyAtha puruShendrasya lokaprathitatejasaH |
nivAso dvArakA devairupAyAdupapAditA ||2-63-21
For the indra (king) of men, with splendour spread in the world,
the deva-s made a residence by strategy, at (the city of) dvArakA
atIva hi purI ramyA dvArakA vAsavakShayAt |
mahArNavaparikshiptA pa~nchaparvatashobhitA ||2-63-22
The city of dvArakA is more beautiful, than the residence of vAsava
(indra), surrounded by the great ocean, shining with five mountains.
tasyAM devapurAbhAyAM sabhA kA~nchanatoraNA |
sA dAshArhIti vikhyAtA yojanAyAmavistR^itA ||2-63-23
In that city, shining like a divine city, there is an assembly, named
dAshArhI made of gold, decorated with arches, with an area, extending over
a yojana (= 9 miles).
tatra vR^iShNyandhakAH sarve rAmakR^iShNapurogamAH |
lokayAtrAmimAM kR^itsnAM parirakShanta Asate ||2-63-24
There all vR^iShNi-s and andhaka-s, lead by (bala)rAma and kR^iShNa reside,
protecting and maintaining the world.
tatrAsIneShu savreShu kadAchidbharatarShabha |
divyagandho vavau vAyuH puShpavarShaM papAta ha ||2-63-25
O the best of bharata race (janamejaya)! (vaishampAyana said) Once, when all
of them were seated (in the assembly), a breeze with divine fragrance blew
and a shower of flowers fell from the sky.
tataH kilakilAshabdaH prabhAjAlAbhisaMvR^itaH |
muhUrtamantarikShe.abhUttato bhUmau pratiShThitaH ||2-63-26
Then a "kilakila" sound, along with a band of brightness, occurred for a
moment in the sky and then descended on to the earth.
madhye tu tejasastasya pANDuraM gajamAsthitaH |
vR^ito devagaNaiH sarvairvAsavaH samadR^ishayta ||2-63-27
In the middle of that brightness, vAsava (indra), mounted on the white
elephant, surrounded by all the groups of deva-s, was seen.
rAmakR^iShNau cha rAjA sa vR^iShNyandhakagaNaiH saha |
pratyudyayurmahAtmanaM pUjayantaH sureshvaram ||2-63-28
(bala)rAma, kR^iShNa, the king (ugrasena) along with all groups of vR^iShNi-s
and andhaka-s, received the great soul, the lord of deva-s (indra)
and worshipped him.
so.avatIrya gajAttUrNaM pariShvajya janArdanam |
sasvaje baladevaM cha tam cha rAjAnamAhukam ||2-63-29
He (indra) descended from the elephant and embraced janArdana (kR^iShNa),
pressed baladeva(rAma) softly and the king Ahuka (ugrasena).
vR^iShnInanyAnsasvaje cha yathAkAlaM yathAvayaH |
pUjito rAmakR^iShNAbhyAmAvivesha sa tAM sabhAm ||2-63-30
He embraced the vR^iShNi-s in sequence according to the age.
Worshipped by (bala)rAma and kR^iShNa, he (indra) entered the
tatrAsIno.abhyala~NkR^itvA sabhAM tAmamareshvaraH |
arghAdisamudAchAraM pratyagR^ihNAdyathAvidhi ||2-63-31
The lord of deva-s (indra) sat there, becoming a decoration of the assembly,
and accepted the ritual offerings as prescribed.
athovAcha mahAtejA vAsavo vAsavAnujam |
sAntvapUrvaM kareNAsya saMspR^ishya vadanaM shubham ||2-63-32
(O janamejaya !) Then, vAsava (indra) having great splendour spoke to the
younger brother of vAsava (kR^iShNa), touching his auspicious face with his
hand in a gentle way:
devakInandana vachaH shR^iNu me madhusUdana |
yena tvAbhigato.asmyadya kAryeNAmitrakarshana ||2-63-33
(indra said) O son of devakI (kR^iShNa), hear my reason , O slayer of
madhu (kR^iShNa) why I have come here, O oppressor of enemies.
nairR^ito narako nAma brahmaNo varadarpitaH |
adityAH kuNDale mohAjjahAra ditinandanaH ||2-63-34
The demon named naraka, the son of diti, proud of the boon received from
brahma, took away the ear rings of aditi, out of vanity.
devAnAM vipriye nityamR^iShINAM cha sa vartate |
taM cha devAntaraM prekShya jahi tvaM pApapUruSham ||2-63-35
He lives always by doing what is disliked by deva-s and sages. Considering
the interest of deva-s, kill that sinful one.
ayaM tvAM garuDastatra prApayiShyati kAmagaH |
kAmavIryo.atitejasvI vainateyo.antarikShagaH ||2-63-36
The valiant garuDa, splendorous son of vinatA, who can go where he desires,
traveling in the sky, will take you there quickly.
avadhyaH sarvabhUtAnAM bhaumaH sa narako.asuraH |
niShUdayitvA taM pApaM kShipramAgantumarhasi ||2-63-37
The asura, naraka, bhauma, cannot be killed by any physical beings.
Killing that sinner, you should return quickly.
ityuktaH puNDarIkAkSho devarAjena keshavaH |
pratijaj~ne mahAbAhurnarakasya nibarhaNe ||2-63-38
(vaishampAyana said:) keshava (kR^iShNa ), the one with lotus eyes,
the one with great arms, who was told this by the king of deva-s (indra)
replied agreeing to kill naraka.
tataH sahaiva shakreNa sha~NkhachakragadAsibhR^it |
pratasthe garuDenAtha satyabhAmAsahAyavAn ||2-63-39
Then along with shakra, with conch (sha~Nkha), discus (chakra)
mace (gada) and the sword, (kR^iShNa) started mounting on garuDa, assisted by
(Note 1, Note 2)
krameNa saptaskandhAnsa marutAM sahavAsavaH |
pashyatAM yadusimhAnAmUrdhvamAchakrame balI ||2-63-40
Powerful kR^iShNa, along with vAsava (indra), as watched by the lions of
yAdava race, climbed up, gradually, in the seven regions of wind.
vAraNendragataH shakro garuDastho janArdanaH |
vidUratvAtprakAshete sUryAchandramasAviva ||2-63-41
shakra (indra) mounted on the king (indra) of elephants and janArdana
(kR^iShNa) on garuDa, sparkled at the distance like the sun and the
antarikShe cha gandharvairapsarobhishcha keshavaH |
stUyamAno.atha shakrashcha krameNAntaradhIyata ||2-63-42
In the sky, keshava (kR^iShNa) and shakra (indra), praised by the groups of
gandharva-s and apsara-s, gradually disappeared.
samAdhAyetikartavyaM vAsavo vibudhAdhipaH |
svameva bhavanaM prAyAtkR^iShNaH prAgjyotiShaM prati ||2-63-43
Confirming what is to be done, vAsava (indra), the king of deva-s,
returned to his residence. kR^iShNa proceeded towards prAgjyotiSha.
pakShAnilahato vAyuH pratilomaM vavau tadA |
tato bhImaravA meghA babhramurgaganecharAH ||2-63-44
By the wind of the wings (of garuDa), the wind blew in the opposite
direction. Then a row of clouds with loud sound covered the sky.
kShanena samanuprAptau dvijenAkAshagena vai |
dUrAdeva cha tAndR^iShTvA prayayau yatra te sthitAH ||2-63-45
They arrived quickly, the bird (garuDa) traveling through the sky.
Seeing them from a distance, they (the travellers soon)
reached where they were standing.
apashyaddvAri tatrasthAM hastyashvarathavAhinIm |
kShurAntAnmauravAnpAshAnShaTsahasrAndadarsha ha ||2-63-46
There they saw at the door (entrance), an army with elephants,
horses and chariots and six thousand razors, iron (rods) and ropes
garuDasyopari shrImA~nCha~NkhachakragadAdharaH |
bibhrannIlAmbudAkAraM pItavAsAshchaturbhujaH ||2-63-47
(O janamejaya !) Mounted on garuDa, auspicious (viShNu - kR^iShNa)
holding conch (sha~Nkha), discus (chakra) and mace (gada),
his form similar to a (dark) blue rain cloud, wearing yellow clothes,
having four hands,
vanamAlAkuloraskaH shrIvatsA~NkitabhUShaNaH |
kirITamUrddhA sUryAbhaH savidyudiva chandramAH ||2-63-48
his chest adorned by a garland of wild flowers and decorated by the
auspicious mark of shrIvatsa, crown on his head, with the splendour of the
sun, sparkling like lightning, shining like moon,
jyAM vikUjanmahAshabdaH shrUyate.ashaniniHsvanaH |
j~nAtvA cha dAnavaH sarvaM svayaM viShNurihAgataH ||2-63-49
One who draws the string of the bow producing a great sound which is heard as
the sound of thunder, arrived (at the city of prAgjyotiSha).
The asura (naraka) knew all about the arrival of viShNu himself.
krodhAddviguNaraktAkSho muruH kAlAntakopamaH |
abhyadhAvata vegena shaktiM gR^ihya mahAsuraH ||2-63-50
With eyes doubly reddened due to anger, the great asura mura,
appearing like the death of the god of death, ran quickly (towards viShNu
- kR^iShNa) taking the spear shakti.
chikShepa sumahAshaktiM vajrakA~nchanabhUShitAm |
He (mura) threw the giant spear shakti, decorated with diamonds and
tAmApatantIM shaktIM tu maholkAM jvalitAmiva ||2-63-51
samAdhatta sharaM chaikaM rukmapu~NkhaM janArdanaH |
Seeing that the spear shakti is approaching fast, as though burning the
great world, janArdana (kR^iShNa) shot a single arrow, having a knot of
gold at its base.
dvidhAchChinatkShurapreNa vAsudevaH sa vIryavAn ||2-63-52
shaktiM chichCheda tatrAsau vidyutpu~nja iva jvalan |
The valiant vAsudeva (viShNu - kR^iShNa) broke the spear into two with his
arrow. vAsudeva broke the spear shakti, blazing like lightning.
punashcha krodharaktAkSho mururgR^ihya mahAgadAm ||2-63-53
indrAshanirivendreNa vikR^iShTa iva niHsvanaH |
Again, with his eyes reddened with anger, mura took a great mace. There was
a great sound similar to the sound produced when indra sends the
AkarNamuktaM chikShepa ardhachandraM surottamaH ||2-63-54
madhyadeshe tu chichCheda gadAM tAM rukmabhUShitAm |
The best of deva-s (viShNu - kR^iShNa) drew a half moon shaped
(ardhachandra) arrow upto his ear and shot it, breaking the mace,
decorated with gold, in the middle.
punashchichCheda bhallena dAnavasya shiro raNe ||2-63-55
And then he (viShNu - kR^iShNa) cut off the head of the asura (mura)
with an arrow named bhalla in the battle.
sa~nChidya pAshANsarvAMstanmuruM hatvA sabAndhavam |
so.agryAnrakShogaNAnhatvA narakasya mahAbalAn ||2-63-56
Cutting all the nooses of mura, he (viShNu - kR^iShNa) killed mura along
with his relatives. He (viShNu - kR^iShNa) killed the powerful leaders of
the asura-s of naraka in the battle.
shilAsa~NghAnatikramya bhagavAndevakIsutaH |
apashyaddAnavaM sainyaM nisundaM cha mahAbalam ||2-63-57
The lord (viShNu - kR^iShNa), son of devakI, crossed the barrier of rocks.
Then he saw the army of asura-s and the powerful nisunda.
hayagrIvaM cha ditijaM tathAnyAMshchitrayodhinaH |
He (viShNu - kR^iShNa) saw hayagrIva, the son of diti, and also other asura
rodhayAmAsa tanmArgaM svasainyena mahAbalaH ||2-63-58
nisundo balinAM shreShTho rathamAruhya satvaram |
The best among the powerful, nisunda having great power, quickly mounted on
a chariot and blocked his (viShNu - kR^iShNa) path with his army.
jagrAha kArmukaM divyaM hemapR^iShThaM durAsadam ||2-63-59
vivyAdha dashabhirbANairnisundo madhusUdanam |
nisunda took his unconquerable divine bow (kArmuka), decorated with gold
knots and shot ten arrows at the slayer of madhu (viShNu - kR^iShNa).
keshavashchApi saptatyA vivyAdha nishitaiH sharaiH ||2-63-60
aprAptAMshchAntarikShe tA~nCharAMshchichCheda mAdhavaH |
keshava also shot seventy sharp arrows. mAdhava (kR^iShNa) cut the arrows
in the sky before they reached (their destination).
te sarve sainikAH kR^iShNaM samantAtparyavArayan ||2-63-61
sharajAlena mahatA ChAdyamAnaH surottamaH |
All those soldiers surrounded kR^iShNa and fought him. The best of deva-s
(kR^iShNa) was covered by a great number of arrows.
dR^iShTvA tAndAnavAnsarvAnsakrodho madhusUdanaH ||2-63-62
Seeing all those asura-s, the slayer of madhu (kR^iShNa) became
tato divyena chAstrena pArjanyena janArdanaH |
mahatA sharavarSheNa vArayAmAsa tadbalam ||2-63-63
Then janArdana (kR^iShNa) stopped the army with a great shower of divine
arrows named parjanya.
pa~nchapa~nchasharaisteShu ekaikena cha tAnbahUN |
pArjanyasya prabhAveNa sarvAnmarmasvatADayat ||2-63-64]
Among those arrows, every five arrows, each arrow, struck many of the enemies
on their vulnerable spots, by the splendour of parjanya arrows.
dudruvurbhayasaMtrastA bhagnAste dAnavA raNe |
svasainyaM vidrutaM dR^iShTvA nishchakrAma punarmR^idhe ||2-63-65
The asura-s became terrified with fear and they were scattered in the war.
Seeing that his army is scattered, he (nisunda) returned to fight.
visR^ijachCharavarShANi ChAdayAmAsa keshavam |
na vibhAti raNe sUryo nApi vyoma disho dasha ||2-63-66
He (nisunda) shot a shower of arrows himself and covered keshava (kR^iShNa)
with arrows. In the battle, the sun, the sky along with all ten directions
were not to be seen (due to the arrows).
sharaiH sa~nChAdayAmAsa nisundo garuDadhvajam |
sAvitraM nAma divyAstraM jagrAha puruShottamaH ||2-63-67
nisunda covered the one with garuDa on his flag (kR^iShNa),
shooting arrows. The best among men took up a divine arrow named
tena bANena tAnbANamshchichCheda samare hariH |
bANairbANAMshcha saMchChidya tasya kR^iShNo mahAbalaH ||2-63-68
In the battle, hari (viShNu - kR^iShNa) cut all arrows with that
(divine) arrow. kR^iShNa having great power cut off the (enemy's)
arrows with that arrow.
Chatramekena bANena ratheShAM cha tribhiH sharaiH |
punashchichCheda tAnashvAMshchaturbhishchaturaH sharaiH ||2-63-69
With one arrow, he broke the umbrella. With three arrows, he broke the
chariot. Then he cut the four horses with four arrows.
sArathiM pa~nchabhirbANAirdhvajamekena chichChide |
sharaikena vapuH kR^iShNaH sutIkShNena shitena vai ||2-63-70
With five arrows he cut the charioteer and with one arrow, the flagstaff.
With one good sharp arrow, kR^iShNa cut off his body.
shirashchichCheda bhallena nisundasya surottamaH |
The best of deva-s cut off the head of nisunda with bhalla (arrow).
yaH sahasrasamAstvekaH sarvAndevAnayodhayat ||2-63-71
nisundaM patitaM dR^iShTvA hayagrIvaH pratApavAn |
Seeing that nisunda who fought alone with all the deva-s for one thousand
years, is felled, the splendours asura hayagrIva,
shilAM pragR^ihya mahatIM tolayAmAsa dAnavaH ||2-63-72
Avidhya sahasAmu~nchachChilAM shailasamAM prabhuH |
shook a giant rock with his hand. Then the lord (hayagrIva)
lifted the rock looking like a mountain and, all of a sudden, threw
gR^ihItvA divyapArjanyamastramastravidAM varaH ||2-63-73
divyAstreNa shilAM viShNuH saptadhAkR^ita tejasA |
The best among the expert bowmen, viShNu (kR^iShNa), shot a divine
pArjanya (arrow) and broke the rock in seven pieces.
tadvidArya mahachchAshma pAtayAmAsa bhUtale ||2-63-74
Breaking the rock, viShNu felled it on the earth.
tatastaiH shAr~NganirmuktairnAnAvarNairmahAsharaiH |
yathA devAsuraM yuddhamabhavadbharatarShabha |
O the best of the bharata race (janamejaya)! (vaishampAyana said:)
Then with great arrows of various colours released from shAr~Nga (bow of
viShNu), a great battle took place like a battle between deva-s and the
nAnApraharaNAkIrNaM tathA ghoramavartata ||2-63-75
A terrible battle took place with many kinds of weapons.
tataH shAr~NgavinirmuktairnAnAvarNairmahAsharaiH |
garuDastho mahAbAhurnijaghAna mahAsurAn ||2-63-76
Then, with great arrows of various colours released from shAr~Nga
(bow of viShNu), viShNu with great arms mounted on garuDa, killed many
mahAlA~NgalanirbhinnAH sha~NkhashaktinipAtitAH |
vineshurdAnavAH sarve samAsAdya janArdanam ||2-63-77
Split by the great plough and felled by the great sound of the conch,
all the asura-s perished, fighting with janArdana (kR^iShNa).
kechichchakrAgninirdagdhA dAnavAH peturambarAt |
saMnikarShagatAH kechidgatAsuvikR^itAnanAH ||2-63-78
Some asura-s, burned in the fire of the discus, fell from the sky. Some of
them with deformed faces, who fought near, lost their lives.
asR^ijachCharavarShANi vR^iShTimanta ivAmbudAH |
vikR^itA~NgAsurAH sarve kR^iShNabANaprapIDitAH ||2-63-79
The asura-s, with deformed limbs, all of them troubled by the arrows of
kR^iShNa, showered arrows, like rain clouds shower water.
shoNitAktAH sma dR^ishyante puShpitA iva kiMshukAH |
vyadravanta suvitrastA bhagnAstrAhschitrayodhinaH ||2-63-80
With blood all over their bodies, the asura-s were seen like kiMshuka
trees (butea frondosa) in full bloom. Greatly terrified and broken by
arrows, the fighters ran away.
punashcha krodharaktAkSho vAyuvegena dAnavaH |
dashavyAmochChritaM vR^ikShaM samAruhya vanaspatim ||2-63-81
Again the asura (hayagrIva), his eyes reddened with anger, with the speed
of wind, went near a vanaspati tree (indian fig tree, bignonia suaveolens),
ten lengths tall,
vR^ikShamutpATya vegena pratigR^ihyAbhyadhAvata |
chikShepa sa mahAvR^ikShaM shikShayA sughanAkR^itiH ||2-63-82
pulled out the tree quickly and returned, running. The asura (hayagrIva)
appearing like a huge cloud, threw the giant tree, due to practice.
vR^ikShavegAnilodbhUtaH shushruve sumahAsvanaH |
Due to the speed with which the tree was thrown, a great sound was heard
because of the movement of wind.
tataH sharasahasreNa yatamAno janArdanaH ||2-63-83
naikadhA taM prachichCheda chitrashaktinibhAkR^itim |
Then janArdana, shooting thousand arrows with effort, cut off the tree,
having great strength, into several pieces.
punashchaikena bANena hayagrIvasya chorasi ||2-63-84
vivyAdha stanayormadhye sAyako jvalanaprabhaH |
Again, with one arrow, (kR^iShNa) shot on to the chest of hayagrIva,
between his breasts. The arrow was blazing like fire.
vivesha so.api vegena hR^idaM bhittvA vinirgataH ||2-63-85
taM jaghAna mahAghoraM hayagrIvaM mahAbalam |
That arrow, quickly went through (his body), split his liver, and thus
killed the highly powerful and terrible hayagrIva.
apAratejA durddharShaH sa vai yAdavananadanaH ||2-63-86
madhye lohitaga~Ngasya bhagavAndevakIsutaH |
The lord, son of devakI (kR^iShNa), who cannot be conquered, with unlimited
splendour, in the middle of lohitaga~Nga,
audakAyAM virUpAkShaM pApmAnaM puruShottamaH ||2-63-87
killed the sinful virUpAkSha, in the trench.
aShTau shatasahasrANi dAnavAnAM paramtapaH |
nihatya puruShavyAghraH prAgjyotiShamupAdravat ||2-63-88
O one who tortures the enemies (janamejaya)! (vaishampAyana said :) The
best among men (kR^iShNa), killing eight hundred thousand asura-s,
the tiger among men (kR^iShNa) quickly rushed towards the city of
hatvA pa~nchanadaM nAma narakasya mahAsuram |
He (kR^iShNa ) killed the great asura of naraka, named pan~nchanada.
tataH prAgjyotiShaM nAma dIpyamAnamiva shriyA ||2-63-89
puramAsAdayAmAsa yuddhaM tatrAbhavanmahat |
Then he went near the city named prAgjyotiSha which was sparkling with
prosperity and there was a great battle.
tataH prAdhmApayachCha~NkhaM pA~nchajanyaM mahAbalaH ||2-63-90
shushruve sumahAshabdaH saMvartaninado yathA |
Then kR^iShNa (viShNu) with great power blew his conch pA~nchajanyaM.
Then a great sound was heard like the sound of the cloud saMvarta
(at the dissolution of universe).
shrUyate triShu lokeShu bhImagambhIraniHsvanaH |
taM shrutvA narakashchAsItkrodhasaMraktalochanaH ||2-63-91
The huge great sound was heard in all the three worlds. Hearing that sound,
naraka became angry and his eyes became red (with anger).
lohachakrAShTasaMyuktaM trinalvapratimaM ratham |
ratnakA~nchanachitrADhyaM vedikAbhogavistaram ||2-63-92
The chariot with eight wheels of iron, three furlong long, decorated with
jewels and gold, with a wide space
vajradhvajena mahatA kA~nchanena virAjitaM |
hemadaNDapatAkADhyaM vaidUryamaNikUbaram ||2-63-93
with its great flagstaff decorated with diamond, shining with gold,
decorated with flag on a golden pole and jewels of vaidUrya
yuktamashvasahasreNa rathaM pararathArujam |
lohajAlaishcha sa~nChannaM chitrabhaktivirAjitam ||2-63-94
yoked with thousand horses, the chariot which destroys enemy's chariot , tied with metal bands, decorated beautifully.
rathamadhyagato vIraH sasandhya iva bhAskaraH |
nAnApraharaNAkIrNaM rathaM hemapariShkR^itam ||2-63-95
The valiant naraka sat in the middle of that chariot, having many kinds of
weapons and decorated with gold, like the son in the evening (sky).
karnau tathA kuNDalayorjvalantau ||2-63-96
He was wearing a jacket of diamond in the chariot, with the colour of moon,
with a splendour equal to the fire. He was wearing a crown, sparkling like
fire. Ear rings sparkled in his ears.
dhUmravarNA mahAkAyA raktAkShA vikR^itAnanAH |
nAnAkavachinaH sarve daityadAnavarAkShasAH ||2-63-97
All the asura-s, dAnava-s and demons were with colour of smoke, giant
bodies, red eyes, deformed faces, wearing many kinds of shields.
khaDgacharmadharAH kechitkechittUrNadhanurbhR^itaH |
shaktihastAstathA kechichChUlahastAstathApare ||2-63-98
Some were holding sword and shield, some were holding bow and arrows,
some were holding spears in their hands, some others were holding
gajavAjirathaughaishcha kAlayantashcha medinIm |
niryayurnagarAtsarve susannaddhAH prahAriNaH ||2-63-99
They shook the earth, mounted on elephants, horses and chariots.
All of them left the city ready with weapons to fight.
vR^ito daityagaNaiH sArdhaM narakaH kAlasaMnibhaH |
bherIsha~NkhamR^ida~NgAnAM paNavAnAM sahasrashaH ||2-63-100
Surrounded by groups of asura-s, naraka, looking like the god of death
(also started). The sounds of playing thousands of musical instruments such
as kettle drums, conch, drums and small drums,
vAdyamAnAni shushrAva jImUtaninadopamaH |
yataH kR^iShNastato gatvA sarve te vikR^itAnanAH ||2-63-101
was heard like the sounds of clouds. All the asura-s with deformed faces
went to the place where kR^iShNa was.
parivArya garutmantaM sarve.ayudhyanta sa~NgatAH |
mahatA ChAdayAmAsuH sharavarSheNa sainikAH ||2-63-102
Surrounding garuDa, all of them fought the battle. The soldiers covered all
with a great shower of arrows.
AkAshaM ChAdayAmAsurvimu~nchantaH sahasrashaH ||2-63-103
Spear, trident, mace, tomara and many arrows - shooting thousands of these
weapons, they covered the sky.
kR^iShNaH kR^iShNombudAkAraH shAr~NgaM gR^ihya dhanustataH |
visphArya sumahachchApaM dhanurjaladaniHsvanam ||2-63-104
Then kR^iShNa, having the form of black rain cloud, took up his bow named
shAr~NgaM. He shook the auspicious great bow having the sound of a rain
vyasR^ijachCharavarShANi dAnavAnAM janArdanaH |
sharavarSheNa tatsainyaM vyadravattu mahAhavAt ||2-63-105
janArdana shot a rain of arrows on the asura-s. With the shower of arrows,
that army of asura-s ran away from the battle field.
tadyuddhamabhavadghoraM ghorarUpeNa rakShasA |
bhagnavyUhAshcha te sarve kR^iShNabANaprapIDitAH ||2-63-106
Then a terrible battle took place with the demons with terrible forms.
All those were scattered and terrified by the arrows of kR^iShNa.
kechichChinnabhujAshchaiva chChinnagrIvAshirAnanAH |
kechichchakradvidhAchChinnAH kechidbANArditorasaH ||2-63-107
Some were with broken arms, some with broken neck, head and faces. Some were
split in two with the discus. Some were struck with arms on their
kechiddvidhAkR^itAH shaktyA gajAshvarathavAhanAH |
kechitkaumodakIbhinnAH kechichchakravidAritAH ||2-63-108
Some mounted on elephants, horses and chariots, were split in two with
spear. Some were split by the mace kaumodakI. Some were split by the
evaM vimathitA sarvA narAshvarathavAhinI |
tatrAsInnarakeNAsya yuddhaM paramadAruNam ||2-63-109
Thus all the army of men, horses and chariots was oppressed. Thus a greatly
dreadful war occurred there with naraka.
yatsamAnena vakShyAmi tanme nigadataH shR^iNu |
trAsanaH surasa~NghAnAM narakaH puruShottamam ||2-63-110
(O janamejaya! vaishampAyana continued) I shall tell you briefly
(about the battle.) Hear what I am saying. naraka who terrified the group
of deva-s fought the best of men (kR^iShNa).
yodhayAmAsa tejasvI madhuvanmadhusUdanam |
krodharaktAntanayano narako ghanasaMnibhaH ||2-63-111
The splendourous naraka, whose eyes had become red with anger and who
appeared like a rain cloud, fought kR^iShNa like madhu fought with the
slayer of madhu (viShNu).
jagrAha kArmukaM vIraH shakrachApamivochChritam |
tathArkakiraNaprakhyaM bANaM jagrAha keshavaH ||2-63-112
The valiant (kR^iShNa) took up the bow kArmukaM equal to the bow of shakra
(indra). keshava (kR^iShNa) took an arrow similar to the ray of sun.
divyenAstreNa samare pUrayAmAsa taM ratham |
uttamAstraM mahApAtaM mumocha narako balI ||2-63-113
In the battle, he (kR^iShNa) troubled the chariot with the divine arrow.
Powerful naraka released the best arrow mahApAta.
vajravisphUrjitAkAramAyAntaM vIkShya keshavaH |
chichChedAstraM mahAbhAgashchakreNa madhusUdanaH ||2-63-114
Seeing that arrow arriving like thunder, keshava (kR^iShNa), the great
one, the slayer of madhu, cut the arrow with his discus.
vyahanatsa rathaM chAsya sharaikeNa janArdanaH |
sarathaM sadhvajaM sAshvaM jaghAna dashabhiH shararaiH ||2-63-115
janArdana shot one arrow at his chariot. He destroyed the chariot along with
the flagstaff and horses with ten arrows.
tanutraM chaiva chichCheda shareNa madhusUdanaH |
tato vimuktakavachaH sarpasyeva tanuryathA ||2-63-116
The slayer of madhu (kR^iShNa) then cut off the shield with arrow. Then
he (naraka), without the shield, appeared like a serpent, losing its
hatAshvo.api raNe vIro vitanutrashcha dAnavaH |
jagrAha vimalajvAlaM lohabhArArpitaM dR^iDham ||2-63-117
The valiant asura, with his horses killed, and losing his shield, took his
blazing strong trident, loaded with metal.
Avidhya sahasA muktaM shUlamindrAshaniprabham |
Suddenly he (naraka) released the trident, dazzling like the lightning of
indra, with force.
tadApatatsa saMprekShya shUlaM hemapariShkR^itam ||2-63-118
dvidhA ChinnaM kShurapreNa kR^iShNenAdbhutakarmaNA |
Seeing the trident, decorated with gold, arriving, kR^iShNa of wonderful
deeds, split it in two with a sharp edged arrow (kShurapra).
tadyuddhamabhavadghoraM ghorarUpeNa rakShasA ||2-63-119
shastrapAtamahAghAtaM narakena mahAtmanA |
The war with the demon of terrible form (naraka) became terrible. The war
with the great soul naraka was with various weapons.
muhUrtaM yodhayAmAsa narakaM madhusUdanaH ||2-63-120
athograchakrashchakreNa pradIptenAkaroddvidhA |
The slayer of madhu (kR^iShNa) fought naraka for some time. With his
sparkling discus, he (kr^iShNa - viShNu) cut the terrible naraka in
chakradvidhAkR^itaM tasya sharIramapatadbhuvi ||2-63-121
vibhaktaM kulishenaiva gireH shR^i~NgaM dvidhAkR^itam |
His body, split in two by discus fell on the earth, like the peak of a
mountain split by the vajra of indra in two parts.
kR^iShNamAsAdya deveshaM jagAmAstamivAMshumAn ||2-63-122
chakrotkR^intitagAtro.asau dAnavaH patito raNe |
vajraprahAranirbhinnaM yathA gairikaparvatam ||2-63-123
Fighting with kR^iShNa (viShNu), the lord of deva-s, the asura (naraka)
with his body split by discus in two parts, fell in the battle, like the
sun, like a brown mountain split by the vajra of indra.
bhUmistu patitaM putraM nirIkShyAdAya kuNDale |
upAtiShThata govindaM vachanaM chedamabravIt ||2-63-124
Seeing her son felled, mother earth brought the ear rings and approached
govinda (kR^iShNa) and spoke the following words.
dattastvayaiva govinda tvayaiva vinipAtitaH |
yathechChasi tathA krIDa bAlaH krIDanakairiva ||2-63-125
govinda (viShNu - kR^iShNa)! This son who was given by you is killed by you.
You play as you like, like a boy plays with his toys.
ime te kuNDale deva prajAstasyAnupAlaya ||2-63-126
Here are those ear rings. O lord ! Please protect his subjects.
iti shrImahAbhArate khileShu harivaMshe ViShNuparvaNi
Thus this is the sixty-third lesson of viShNuparva, harivaMsha, khila of
mahAbhArata, slaying of narakAsura.
Note 1: satyabhAmAsahAyavAn: naraka's death can occur only with the consent
of Goddess Earth. Hence naraka can be killed only with the consent of
is a portion of Goddess Earth. (see nIlakaNTha commentary for shloka 39)
Note 2: The southern recension of harivamsha has a complete chapter
describing the fight between satyabhAmA and naraka.
English translation by Satya Chaitanya available at
Satyabhama-Narakasura Fight in the Harivamsa
Note 3: The killing of naraka is briefly described in mahAbhArata, vanaparva as
tAn praShTukAmAn vij~nAya pANDavAn sa tu lomashaH
uvAcha vAkyaM vAkyaj~naH shR^iNudhvaM pANDunandanAH
etadvikIrNaM sushrImat kailAsashikharopamam
yat pashyasi narashreSTha parvatapratimaM sthitam
etAnyasthIni daityasya narakasya mahAtmanaH
parvatapratimaM bhAti parvataprastarAshritam
purAtanena devena viSNunA paramAtmanA
daityo vinihatastAta surarAjahitaiSiNA
dasha varShasahasrANi tapastapyan mahAmanAH
aindraM prArthayate sthAnaM tapaHsvAdhyAyavikramAt
tapobalena mahatA bAhuvegabalena cha
nityameva durAdharSho dharShayan sa diteH sutaH
sa tu tasya balaM j~nAtvA dharme cha charitavratam
bhayAbhibhUtaH saMvignaH shakra AsIt tadAnagha
tena saMchintito devo manasA viSNuravyayaH
sarvatragaH prabhuH shrImAn Agatashcha sthito babhau
R^iShayashchApi taM sarve tuSTuvushcha divaukasaH
taM dR^iShTvA jvalamAnashrIr bhagavAn havyavAhanaH
naShTatejAH samabhavat tasya tejobhibhartsitaH
taM dR^iShTvA varadaM devaM viSNuM devagaNeshvaram
prA~njaliH praNato bhUtvA namaskR^itya cha vajrabhRt
prAha vAkyaM tatastattvaM yatastasya bhayaM bhavet
jAnAmi te bhayaM shakra daityendrAn narakAttataH
aindraM prArthayate sthAnaM tapaHsiddhena karmaNA
so.ham enaM tava prItyA tapaHsiddhamapi dhruvam
viyunajmi dehAddevendra muhUrtaM pratipAlaya
tasya viSNurmahAtejAH pANinA chetanAM harat
sa papAta tato bhUmau girirAja ivAhataH
tasyaitadasthisaMghAtaM mAyAvinihatasya vai
And knowing that Pandu's
sons were intent upon asking (him), Lomasa versed in speech said, 'Hear,
O sons of Pandu! O best of men, what ye see before you, of vast
proportions like unto a mountain and beautiful as the Kailasa cliff, is
a collection of the bones of the mighty Daitya Naraka. Being placed on a
mountain, it looketh like one. The Daitya was slain by that Supreme
Soul, the eternal God Vishnu, for the good of the lord of celestials.
Aiming at the possession of Indra's place, by the force of austere and
Vedic lore, that mighty-minded (demon) had practised austere penances
for ten thousand years. And on account of his asceticism, as also of the
force and might of his arms he had grown invincible and always harassed
(Indra). And O sinless one, knowing his strength and austerities and
observance of religious vows, Indra became agitated and was overwhelmed
with fear. And mentally he thought of the eternal deity, Vishnu. And
thereat the graceful lord of the universe, who is present everywhere,
appeared and stood before him manifest. And the sages and celestials
began to propitiate Vishnu with prayers. And in his presence even Agni
of the six attributes and of blazing beauty being overpowered by his
effulgence, became shorn of radiance and seeing before him the God
Vishnu, the chief of the celestials who wields the thunder-bolt, bowing
with head down readily apprised Vishnu of the source of his fear.
Thereupon Vishnu said, "I know, O Sakra, that thy fear proceedeth from
Naraka, that lord of the Daityas. By the merit of his successful ascetic
acts he aimeth at Indra's position. Therefore, for pleasing thee, I
shall certainly sever his soul from his body, although he hath achieved
success in asceticism. Do thou, lord of celestials, wait for a moment."
Then the exceedingly powerful Vishnu deprived (Naraka) of his senses (by
striking him) with his hand. And he fell down on the earth even like the
monarch of mountains struck by (thunder). He was thus slain by a miracle
and his bones lie gathered at this spot.
(Translation by KIsari Mohan Ganguli)
## Itranslated by K S Ramachandran, ramachandran_ksr @ yahoo.ca,
October 5, 2008
Note: (1) sloka 122, line 2: spelling mistake in deveshaM
(2) sloka 79, line 2: I think it should be really
vikR^itA~NgAsurAH (vikR^itA~NgAH + asurAH)
Further proof-read by Gilles Schaufelberger, schaufel @ wanadoo.fr
If you find any errors compared to Chitrashala Press edition,
send corrections to A. Harindranath harindranath_a @ yahoo.com
Translated to English by A. Purushothaman [purushothaman_avaroth @
yahoo.com] and A. Harindranath
April 15, 2010 ##