Harivamsha MahA PurANam - ViShNu Parva
harivamsha in the mahAbharata - viShNuparva
Lesson 103 - narration of the vR^iShNi race
bahUnAM strIsahasrANAmaShTau bhAryAH prakIrtitAH |
tAsAmapatyAnyaShTAnAM bhagavAnprabravItu me ||2-103-1
O lord! (O vaishampAyana) Among the many thousands of wives (of kR^iShNa),
the famous are eight. Please tell me about the children of these eight
aShTau mahiShyaH putriNya iti prAdhAnyataH smR^itAH |
sarvA vIraprajAshchaiva tAsvapatyAni me shR^iNu ||2-103-2
It is mainly known that all the eight wives had children. All were
valiant children. I shall tell you about these children, please hear.
rukmiNI satyabhAmA cha devI nAgnajitI tathA |
sudattA cha tathA shaibyA lakShmaNA chAruhAsinI ||2-103-3
rukmiNI, satyabhAmA as also devI nAgnajitI( satyA), sudattA, also known as
shaibyA (the princess of shibi), lakShmaNA, who smiles beautifully,
mitravindA cha kAlindI jAmbavatyatha pauravI |
subhImA cha tathA mAdrI rukmiNItanayA~nChR^iNu ||2-103-4
mitravindA, also known as kAlindI, jAmbavati, also known as pauravI and
subhImA, also known as mAdrI are the eight wives. Now hear about the
children of rukmiNI.
pradyumnaH prathamaM jaj~ne shambarAntakaraH shubhaH |
dvitIyashchArudeShNashcha vR^iShNisiMho mahArathaH ||2-103-5
The auspicious pradymna, the one who slayed shambara, was born first.
The second son of rukmiNI was chArudeShNa, the lion among vR^iShNi-s and a
great chariot fighter.
chArubhadrashchArugarbhaH sudeShNo druma eva cha |
suSheNashchArudeShNAshcha chAruvindashcha vIryavAn ||2-103-6
chArubhadra as also chArugarbhaH, sudeShNa and also druma, suSheNa,
chArudeShNa as well as the valiant chAruvinda
chArubAhuH kanIyAMshcha kanyA chArumatI tathA |
The youngest was chArubAhu. A daughter, chArumatI was also born (to rukmiNi).
jaj~nire satyabhAmAyAM bhAnurbhImarathastathA ||2-103-7
rohito dIptimAMshchaiva tAmrajAkSho jalAntakaH
bhAnu and bhImaratha as also rohita, dIptimAn, tAmrajAkSha and jalAntaka
were born to satyabhAmA.
bhAnurbhImalikA chaiva tAmraparNI jalandhamA ||2-103-8
chatasro jaj~nire teShAM svasAro garuDadhvajAt |
From the one who has garuDa as his flag (kR^iShNa), four sisters
(to the sons) bhAnu, bhImanika, tAmraparNI and jalndhamA were also
born (to satyabhAmA).
jAmbavatyAH suto jaj~ne sAmbaH samitishobhanaH ||2-103-9
mitravAnmitravindashcha mitravatyapi chA~NganA |
The son sAmba, who dazzled in battles, was born to jAmbavatI. The sons
mitravAn, mitravinda and also a girl, mitravatI was born (to jAmbavtI).
mitrabAhuH sunIthashcha nAgnajityAH prajAH shR^iNu ||2-103-10
bhadrakAro bhadravindaH kanyA bhadravatI tathA |
Hear that mitrabAhu and sunItha are the children of nAgnajiti
(satya, the daughter of (king) nagnajit) as also bhadrakAra and bhadravinda
and also daughter bhadravatI.
sudattAyAM tu shaibyAyAM sa~NgrAmajidajAyata ||2-103-11
satyajitsenajichchaiva tathA shUraH sapatnajit |
sa~ngrAmajit was born to sudattA - shaibya, the princess of shibi and also
satyajit, senajit and also the valiant sapatnajit.
subhImAyAH suto mAdryA vR^ikAshvo vR^ikanirvR^itiH ||1-103-12
kumAro vR^ikadIptishcha lakShmaNAyAH prajAH shR^iNu |
The sons vR^ikAshva and vR^ikanirvR^iti were born to subhImA - mAdri,
as also the son vR^ikadIpti. Now hear about the children of lakShaNaA.
gAtravAngAtraguptashcha gAtravindashcha vIryavAn ||2-102-13
jaj~nire gAtravatyA cha bhaginyAnujayA saha |
gAtravAn, gAtragupta and the valiant gAtravinda were born along with a
younger sister, gAtravatI (for them).
ashrutashcha suto jaj~ne kAlindyAH shrutasaMmitaH ||2-103-14
kAlindI had sons ashruta and shrutasaMmita.
ashrutaM shrutasenAyai pradadau madhusUdanaH |
taM pradAya hR^iShIkeshastAm bhAryAM mudito.abravIt ||2-103-15
The slayer of madhu (kR^iShNa) gave ashruta to shrutasenA. The lord of the
senses (kR^iShNa), while giving the son, told his wife happily:
eSha vAmubhayorastu dAyAdaH shAshvatIH samAH |
bR^ihatyAM tu gadasyAhuH shaibyAyAma~NgadaM sutam ||2-103-16
He will be the son for both of you for ever. gada was born to kR^iShNa from
bR^ihatI. A son a~Ngada was born brom shaibya.
utpannaM kumudaM chaiva shvetaM shvetA tathAMganA |
From her, kumuda and shveta were born as also the daughter shvetA.
agAvahaH sumitrashcha shuchishchitrarathastathA ||2-103-17
chitrasenaH sudevAyAshchitrA chitravatI tathA |
agAvaha, sumitra and also shuchi and chitraratha and also chitrasena
were born from sudevA as well as the daughters chitrA and chitravatI.
vanastambashcha jaj~nAte sutaH stambavanashcha ha ||2-103-18
nivAsanA vanastambaH kanyA stambavatI tathA |
vana, stamba as also stambavana, nivAsana, vanastamba and the daughter
stambavatI were born from kaushikI.
upasannashcha sha~Nkushcha vajrAMshuH kShipra eva cha ||2-103-19
kaushikyAm shrutasomAyAM yaudhiShThiryAM yudhiShThiraH |
kApAlI garuDashchaiva jaj~nAte chitrayodhinau ||2-103-20
upasana, sha~Nku and vajrAMshu and kShipra were born from shrutasomA.
From yaudhiShThirI, the sons yudhiShThira as well as kApAli and garuDa who
fought battles in wonderful ways were born.
evamAdIni putrANAM sahasrANi nibodha me |
dashAyutaM samAkhyAtA vAsudevasya te sutAH ||2-103-21
Understand that thousands of sons were born, in hundred thousand numbers
to the son of vasudeva this way.
ayutAni tathA chAShTau shUrA raNavishAradAH |
janArdanasya prasavaH kIrtito.ayaM tathA mayA ||2-103-22
There were also eighty thousand valiant sons of janArdana who were experts
in battle who were described by me.
pradyumnasya suto jaj~ne vaidarbhyAM rAjasattama |
aniruddho raNe ruddho jaj~ne sa mR^igaketanaH ||2-103-23
O the best among kings! (janamejaya! vaishampAyana continued) From the
princess of vidarbha (rukmavatI) pradyumna had a son, aniruddha, who can not
be stopped in battle and who had deer on his flag.
revatyAM baladevasya jaj~nAte nishaTholmukau |
bhrAtarau devasa~NkAshAvubhau puruShasattamau ||2-103-24
baladeva (balarAma) had the sons nishaTha and ulmuka born from revatI.
Both brothers were like deva-s, the best among men.
sutanushcha sutArA cha shaurerAstAM parigrahaH |
pauNDrakaH kapilashchaiva vasudevasya tau sutau ||2-103-25
The son of shUra (vasudeva ) had two other wives - sutanu and sutAra.
pauNDraka and kapila are sons of vasudeva.
tArAyAM kapilo jaj~ne pauNDrashcha sutanoH sutaH |
tayornR^ipo.abhavatpauNDraH kapilashcha vanaM yayau ||2-103-26
kapila was born from (su)tAra and pauNDra(ka) is the son of sutanu.
pauNDra became the king and kapila went to the forest.
turyAM samabhavadvIro vasudevAnmahAbalaH |
jarA nAma niShAdAnAM prabhuH sarvadhanuShmatAm ||2-103-27
From his wife of the fourth state (shUdra - see nIlakaNTha commentary),
vasudeva had a highly powerful son named jara, the lord of niShAda-s,
the best among the wielders of the bow.
kAshyAM supArshvaM tanayaM lebhe sAmbAttarasvinam |
sAnurjaj~ne.aniruddhasya vajraH sAnorajAyata ||2-103-28
From sAmba, kAshya got the son supArshva, who was very fast. sAnu was born
to aniruddha and vajra was born to sAnu.
vajrAjjaj~ne pratirathaH suchArustasya chAtmajaH |
anamitrAchChinirjaj~ne kaniShThAdvR^iShNinandanAt ||2-103-29
prathiratha was born to vajra. suchAru was his son. shini was born to
vR^iShNi's youngest son, anamitra.
shinestu satyavAgjaj~ne satyakashcha mahArathaH |
satyakasyAtmajaH shUro yuyudhAnastvajAyata ||2-103-30
To shini, the great charioteer, satyavAk, satyaka was born. The valiant
yuyudhAna (sAtyaki) was born to sAtyaka.
asa~Ngo yuyudhAnasya maNistasyAbhavatsutaH |
maNeryugandharaH putra iti vaMshaH samApyate ||2-103-31
asa~Nga was born to yuyudhAna (sAtyaki). maNi is asa~Nga's son. yugandhara
is maNi 's son. This concludes the description of the race.
Note 1: gItA press edition has suSheNashchAruguptashcha
(suSheNa as well as chArugupta) instead of chArudeShNa (2-103-5).
iti shrImahAbhArate khileShu harivaMshe viShNuparvaNi
Thus this is the hundred and third lesson of viShNuparva, harivamsha,
khila of mahAbhArata, narration of the vR^iShNi race.
bhAShAbhAratam, vol.6, page 696 has chAruSheNa in 2-103-6 in place of
##itranslated by K S Ramachandran, ramachandran_ksr @ yahoo.ca
January 17, 2009
Further proof-read by Gilles Schaufelberger, schaufel @ wanadoo.fr
If you find any errors compared to Chitrashala Press edition,
send corrections to A. Harindranath harindranath_a @ yahoo.com
Translated to English by A. Purushothaman [purushothaman_avaroth @
yahoo.com] and A. Harindranath
April 24, 2011 ##