Harivamsha MahA PurANam - ViShNu Parva
bANasainyaH saha kR^iShNasya yuddhaM bAAasainyApayAnaM rudreNa
saha kR^iShNayuddhAdikIrtanaM cha
harivamsha in the mahAbharata - viShNuparva
Lesson 124 - kR^iShNa's battles with bANa army and with
tataste tvaritAH sarve trayastraya ivAgnayaH |
vainateyamathAruhya yudhyamAnA raNe sthitAH ||2-124-1
(O janamejaya!) Then all three of them like three fires, mounted on the son
of vinatA (garuDa), stood in the battle field, fighting with the enemies.
tataH sarvANyanIkAni bANavarShairavAkiran |
ardayanvainateyasthA nadanto.atibalAdraNe ||2-124-2
Then, they, mounted on the son of vinatA (garuDa) started oppressing the
enemies forcefully in the battle by showering a group of arrows all over
on the army.
chakralA~NgalapAtaishcha bANavarShaishcha pIDitam |
sa~nchukopa mahAnIkaM dAnavAnAM durAsadam ||2-124-3
Oppressed by the strikes of chakra and plough and by shower of arrows,
that great army of demons, difficult to conquer, became highly angry.
kakShe.agniriva saMvR^iddhaH shuShkendhanasamIritaH |
kR^iShNabANAgnirudbhUto vivR^iddhiM paramAM gataH ||2-124-4
Like a fire flourishing with the fuel of dry wood, the fire generated by
kR^iShNa's arrows blazed and flourished the most all around.
dAnavAnAM sahasrANi tasminsamaramUrdhani |
yugAntAgnirivArchiShmAndahamAno vyarAjata ||2-124-5
That fire blazed like the fire at the end of era (pralaya) burning thousands
of demons in the forefront of the battle.
tAM dIpyamAnAM mahatIM nAnApraharaNArditAm |
senAM bANaH samAsAdya vArayanvAkyamabravIt ||2-124-6
That great army was set ablaze, struck by many varieties of weapons. Seeing
this bANa tried to stop them and said the following words:
lAghavaM samupAgamya kimarthaM bhayaviklavAH |
daityavaMshasamutpannAH palAyadhvaM mahAhavAt ||2-124-7
(bANa said:) Why are you, born in the race of demons, running away from the
great battle, overcome by fear, becoming light hearted?
utsR^ijyotsR^ijya gachChanti kiM bhavanto.antarikShagAH ||2-124-8
Why are you who can move in the sky, running away (from the battle),
leaving your armour, knives, maces, darts, knives, shields and
svajAtiM chaiva bhAvaM cha harasaMsargameva cha |
mAnayadbhirna gantavyameSho hyahamavasthitaH ||2-124-9
Respecting the nature of your race as well as the association with hara
(shiva), you should not leave (the battle field). I am here to protect you.
evamuchcharitaM vAkyaM shR^iNvantastadachintayan |
apAkrAmanta te sarve dAnavA bhayamohitAH ||2-124-10
(vaishampAyana said: O janamejaya!) Even after hearing these words,
spoken (by bANa) they did not think about these words. All the demons,
confused by fear, ran away from the battlefield.
pramAthagaNasheShaM tu tadanIkamatiShThata |
bhagnAvasheSaM yuddhAya punashachakre manastadA ||2-124-11
The remaining army with the oppressing groups, stood there. Whatever army
was left over after being broken up, again prepared for battle.
kumbhANDo nAma bANasya sakhAmAtyashcha vIryavAn |
bhagnaM svabalamAlokya idaM vachanamabrav It ||2-124-12
Seeing that his army is broken, the valiant friend and minister of bANa,
spoke the following words:
eSha bANaH sthito yuddhe sha~Nkaro.ayaM guhastathA |
kimarthaM balamutsR^ijya bhavanto yAnti mohitAH ||2-124-13
Here bANa is standing in the battle field , as well as sha~Nkara (shiva)
as also guha (subrahmaNya). Why are you running away, confused, leaving the
prANAMstyaktvA palAyante sarve dAnavapu~NgavAH |
All the prominent demons are running away, abandoning their life.
evaM kumbhANDavAkyaM te shR^iNvanto bhayavihvalAH ||2-124-14
ekAnte bhayavitrastAH sarve yAnti disho dasha |
Even after hearing kumbhANDa's words, the demons, one by one, overcome
with fear, ran away in all the ten directions, confused with fear.
bhagnaM balaM tato dR^iShTvA kR^iShNenAmitatejasA |
saMraktanayanaH sthANuryuddhAya paryavartata ||2-124-15
Seeing that kR^iShNa with unlimited splendor has broken up the army,
sthANu (shiva) with blood red eyes came to the battle field.
bANasaMrakShaNaM kartuM rathamAsthAya suprabham |
devaH kumArashcha tathArathenAgnisamena vai ||2-124-16
shiva was mounted on a highly bright chariot for protecting bANa.
The god kumAra (subrahmaNya) was also mounted on a chariot, dazzling like
the chariot of the fire god.
nandIshvarasamAyuktaM rathamAsthAya vIryavAn |
saMdaShTauShThapuTo rudraH pradhAvata yato hariH ||2-124-17
The valiant rudra , biting his lips, mounted on a chariot driven by
nandIshvara, came to the place in the battle field, where hari
(kR^iShNa) was located.
pibanniva tadAkAshaM siMhayukto mahAsvanaH |
ratho bhAti ghanonmuktaH paurNamAsyAM yathA shashI ||2-124-18
The chariot. yoked with lions produced a huge sound as if swallowing the
sky. The chariot dazzled like the moon released by the clouds on a
full moon day.
tato gaNasahasraistu nAnArUpairbhayAvahaiH |
nadadbhirvividhAnnAdAnratho devasya shobhayan ||2-124-19
Thousands of shiva's followers, terrible, having many forms and shouting
in different ways, added splendor to the chariot of the lord.
kechitsiMhamukhAstatra tathA vyAghramukhAH pare |
nAgAshvoShTramukhAstatra pravepuratipIDitAH ||2-124-20
Some were with the face of lions, others were with the face of tigers.
Some were with the face of serpents, horses and camels. All of them,
highly tormented (by arrows), trembled.
vyAlayaj~nopavItAshcha kechittatra mahAbalAH |
kharoShtragajavaktrAshcha ashvagrIvAshcha saMsthitAH ||2-124-21
Some, highly powerful, were wearing serpents as their sacred thread. Some
had faces of donkeys, camels and elephants. Some were having necks similar
ChAgamArjAravaktrAshcha meShavaktrAstathApare |
chIriNaH shikhinashchAnye jaTilordhvashiroruhAH ||2-124-22
Some had faces like goats as well as cats. Others had faces of sheep. Some
were wearing barks of trees. Others had hair locks, matted hair as also
some others kept their hair dressed as an upward heap.
bhagnAH paripatanti sma sha~NkhadundubhiniHsvanaiH |
kechitsaumyamukhAstatra divyaiH shastrairala~NkR^itAH ||2-124-23
Some of them fell down by the sound of conch and kettle drums. Some of them
with gentle faces were decorated with divine weapons.
nAnApuShpakR^itApIDA nAnApraharaNAyudhAH |
vAmanA vikaTAshchaiva siMhavyAghraparichChadAH ||2-124-24
Some kept varieties of flowers on their heads. Some were armed with varieties
of weapons. Some were dwarfs, some monstrous as well as wearing the skins of
lions and tigers.
rudhirArdrairmahAvaktrairmahAdaMShTrA balipriyAH |
devaM saMparivAryAtha mahAshatrupramardanam ||2-124-25
Some were having large mouths, moist with blood, having fangs, who liked
sacrifices (to be offered to them). They stood surrounding the lord
(shiva), the great oppressor of enemies.
lIlAyamAnAstiShThanti sa~NgrAmAbhimukhonmukhAH |
They stood in the battle field as though playing, ready for battle,
facing the enemy.
tato divyaM rathaM dR^iShTvA rudrasyAkliShTakarmaNaH ||2-124-26
kR^iShNo garuDamAsthAya yayau rudrAya saMyuge |
Then seeing the divine chariot of rudra (shiva) who performs difficult tasks,
kR^iShNa mounted on garuDa, for fighting with rudra (shiva).
vainateyasthamAsyantamAyAntamagraNIM harim ||2-124-27
vivyAdha kupito bANairnArAchAnAM shatena saH |
shiva, becoming angry, shot one hundred sharp arrows at hari
(kR^iShNa), who came to the front of the battle shooting arrows,
mounted on garuDa.
sa sharairarditastena hareNAkliShTakarmaNA ||2-124-28
harirjagrAha kupito hyastraM pArjanyamuttamam |
hari, (kR^iShNa) who was oppressed by the arrows shot by hara
(shiva), the performer of difficult tasks, became angry and took up the best
prachachAla tato bhUmirviShNurudraprapIDitA ||2-124-29
nAgAshchordhvamukhAstatra vichelurabhipIDitAH |
Then the earth, oppressed by (the battle between) viShNu (kR^iShNa)
and rudra (shiva) shook. The oppressed serpents moved with their faces
parvatAH patitAstatra jaladhArAbhirAplutAH ||2-124-30
kechinmumuchire tatra shikharANi samantataH |
The mountains fell off, bathing in fountains of water. Some of them lost
their peaks there, all over.
dishashcha pradishashchaiva bhUmirAkAshameva cha ||2-124-31
pradIptAnIva dR^ishyante sthANukR^iShNasamAgame |
As sthANu (shiva) and kR^iShNa fought against each other, all the directions,
the entire earth as well as the sky was seen as though, lighted.
samantatashcha nirghAtAH patanti dharaNItale ||2-124-32
shivAshchaivAshivAnnAdAnnadante bhImadarshanAH |
Thunderstorms fell all over the face of earth. Jackals, fierce to look at,
howled aloud indicating inauspiciousness.
vAsavashchAnadanghoraM rudhiraM chApyavarShata ||2-124-33
ulkA cha bANasainyasya puchChenAvR^itya tiShThati |
vAsava (indra) showered terrible torrents of blood. Meteors surrounded the
tail of bAnA's army.
pravavau mArutashchApi jyotIMShyAkulatAmiyuH ||2-124-34
prabhAhInAstathauShadhyo na charantyantarikShagAH |
The wind blew with tremendous force. The stars became sad. The medicinal
plants lost their splendor. Those moving in the sky (birds) did not fly.
etasminnantare brahmA sarvadevagaNairvR^itaH ||2-124-35
tripurAntakamudhyantaM j~nAtvA rudramupAgamat |
During this time, brahma, surrounded by all the groups of deva-s,
knowing that the destroyer of tripura, rudra (shiva) is fighting (with)
kR^iShNa, came to shiva's side.
gandharvApsarasashchaiva yakShA vidyAdharAstathA ||2-124-36
siddhachAraNasa~NghAshcha pashyanto.atha divi sthitAH |
Groups of gandharva-s, divine women as also yakSha-s, vidyAdhara-s,
siddha-s and chAraNa-s stood in the sky watching.
tataH pArjanyamastraM tatkShiptaM rudrAya viShNunA ||2-124-37
yayau jvalannatha tadA yato rudro rathasthitaH |
Then viShNu (kR^iShNa) shot the arrow pArjanya at rudra. It went blazing to
the place where the chariot of rudra was located.
tataH shatasahasrANi sharANAM nataparvaNAm ||2-124-38
nipetuH sarvato digbhyo yato hararathasthitaH |
Then hundreds of thousands of arrows with soft head fell all over from all
directions at the place where hara's (shiva's) chariot was located.
athAgneyaM mahAraudramastramastravidAM varaH ||2-124-39
mumocha ruShito rudrastadadbhutamivAbhavat |
Then rudra (shiva), the best among the experts of archery, became angry and
released the highly terrible arrow, Agneya (belonging to the deity of fire).
This became a wonder.
tato vishIrNadehAste chatvAro.api samantataH ||2-124-40
nAdR^ishyanta sharaishChannA dahyamAnAshcha vahninA |
Then all the bodies of all four (kR^iShNa, balarAma, pradyumna and garuDa)
were split by the arrow. Covered by the arrows, their bodies, not to be
seen, were burned by fire.
simhanAdaM tatashchakruH sarva evAsurottamAH ||2-124-41
hato.ayamiti vij~nAya AgneyAstreNa vai tadA |
Then the best among demons roared like lions, thinking that they were killed
by the weapon, Agneya.
tatastadvisahitvAjo hyastramastravidAM varaH ||2-124-42
jagrAha vAruNaM so.astraM vAsudevaH pratApavAn |
Bearing the power of that arrow, the splendorous son of vasudeva,
(kR^iShNa) the best among the experts of archery, took up the arrow,
vAruNa (belonging to the deity of water, sea).
pratyukte vAsudevena vAruNAstre.atitejasi ||2-124-43
AgneyaM prashamaM yAtamastraM vAruNatejasA |
As the son of vasudeva, the one with high splendor (kR^iShNa) shot the
weapon vAruNa in response, the weapon Agneya was pacified by the splendor of
the weapon vAruNa.
tasminpratihate tvastre vAsudevena saMyuge ||2-124-44
paishAchaM rAkShasaM raudraM tathaivA~NgirasaM bhavaH |
mumochAstrANi chatvAri yugAntAgninibhAni vai ||2-124-45
As the weapon Agneya was pacified by the son of vasudeva (kR^iShNa)
in the battle, bhava (shiva) released four weapons paishAcha, rAkShasa,
raudra and A~Ngirasa having the splendor of fire at the end of the
vAyavyamatha sAvitraM vAsavaM mohanaM tathA |
astrAnAM vAraNArthAya vAsudevo hyamu~nchata ||2-124-46
The son of vasudeva (kR^iShNa) released four weapons, vAyavya (belonging to
the deity of wind) , sAvitra (belonging to the deity, sun), vAsava
(belonging to vAsava, indra) and mohana (depriving consciousness)
to block the weapons (shot by shiva).
astraishchaturbhishchatvAri vArayitvAshu mAdhavaH |
mumocha vaiShNavaM so.astraM vyAditAsyAntakopamam ||2-124-47
mAdhava (kR^iShNa) blocking the four weapons (shot by shiva)
by shooting four weapons, released the weapon, vaiShNava (belonging to
viShNu) having open mouth, similar to the god of death.
vaiShNavAstre prayukte tu sarva evAsurottamAH |
bhUtayakShagaNAshchaiva bANAnIkaM cha sarvashaH ||2-124-48
dishaH sarvA prAdravanta bhayamohena viklavAH |
As kR^iShNa shot the weapon vaiShNava, all the best among demons, all beings,
groups of yakSha-s as also the army of bANa, confused by fear and becoming
distressed, ran away in all directions.
pramAthagaNabhUyiShThe dIrNe sainye mahAsuraH ||2-124-49
nirjagAma tato bANo yuddhAyAbhimukhastvaran |
Seeing that the groups of oppressing fighters and the army was scattered,
the great demon, bANa, quickly started, eager to fight.
bhImapraharaNairghorairdaityaishcha sumahAbalaiH |
vR^ito mAhArathairvIrairvajrIva sursattamaiH ||2-124-50
Like the best among deva-s, indra surrounded by the gods, bANa, surrounded
by great strikers, terrible and greatly powerful demons and great,
valiant chariot fighters, started for the battle.
japaishcha homaishcha tathauShadhIbhi-
rmahAtmanaH svastyayanaM prachakruH |
(O janamejaya!) The great soul, bANa, prayed, offered sacrifices and herbs
for an auspicious venture (battle).
sa tatra vastrANi shubhAshcha gAvaH
phalAni puShpANi tathaiva niShkAn ||2-124-51
baleH suto brAhmaNebhyaH prayachCha-
nvirAjate tena yathA dhaneshaH |
The son of bali (bANa) offered good clothes, auspicious cows, fruits,
flowers as well as gold coins to the best of Brahmins, dazzling there,
like the god of wealth.
ratho mahAnagnirivAvabhAti |
The great chariot dazzled there like fire, decorated by thousands of suns,
many bells, costly gold and beautiful jewels, thousands of moons and ten
mahAdhvajaM kArmukadhR^iksa bANaH ||2-124-53
bANa, holding the bow, mounted the chariot having a great flagstaff, driven
by the dAnava (kumbhANDa).
matIva raudraM sa bibharti rUpam |
viniryayau tAnprati daityasAgaraH ||2-124-54
bANa took up a terrible and fearful form, ready for making the prominent
yAdava-s return (from the battle). Immediately the ocean (many)
of valiant demons, became angry and advanced towards the yAdava-s,
assembling all the chariots together.
yathArNavA lokavinAshanAya |
stAnyagrato bhAnti balAni tasya ||2-124-55
Like the ocean attempting to destroy the world with powerful winds and huge
waves, the huge and frightening army of demons dazzled before him.
saparvatAnIva vanAni rAjan |
O king! (janamejaya! vaishampAyana continued) With great chariots,
holding the bows high, the army appeared like a huge forest with mountains.
bANa with a most wonderful form, started for the battle, rising up from his
place among the waters of the ocean.
iti shrImahAbhArate khileShu harivaMshe viShNuparvaNi
Thus this is the one hundred and twenty fourth lesson of viShNuparva,
harivaMsha, khila of mahAbhArata, kR^iShNa's battles with bANa army and with
Itranslated by K S Ramachandran, ramachandran_ksr @ yahoo.ca,
February 18, 2009
Further proof-read by Gilles Schaufelberger, schaufel @ wanadoo.fr
If you find any errors compared to Chitrashala Press edition,
send corrections to A. Harindranath, harindranath_a @ yahoo.com
Translated to English by A. Purushothaman [purushothaman_avaroth @
yahoo.com] and A. Harindranath
September 17, 2011